The Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial
The Netherlands American Cemetery and Memorial in the village of Margraten, about six miles from Maastricht. There lie buried 8,301 American soldiers killed in the battles to liberate Holland in the fall and winter of 1944-5
The cemetery site has a rich historical background, lying near the famous Cologne-Boulogne highway, originally built by the Romans and used by Julius Caesar during his campaign in that area. The highway was also used by Charlemagne, Charles V, Napoleon, and Kaiser Wilhelm II. In May 1940, Hitler’s legions advanced over the route of the old Roman highway, overwhelming the Low Countries. In September 1944, German troops once more used the highway for the withdrawal from the countries occupied for four years.
The tall memorial tower can be seen before reaching the cemetery which covers 65.5 acres. From the cemetery entrance, the visitor approaches through the Court of Honor with its pool reflecting the chapel tower. The visitors’ building is on the right and the museum with its three engraved operations maps describing the achievements of the American Armed Forces in the area during World War II is on the left. At the base of the tower facing the reflecting pool is a statue representing the grieving mother of her lost son.
The walls on either side of the Court of Honor contain the Tablets of the Missing on which are recorded the names of 1,722 American missing who gave their lives in the service of their country and who rest in unknown graves. Beyond the chapel and tower is the burial area which is divided into sixteen plots. Here rest 8,301 American dead, most of whom lost their lives nearby. Their headstones are set in long curves. A wide tree-lined mall leads to the Flagstaff which crowns the crest.
Each year on Memorial Day (28 May) the dead are commemorated. In 2005,
It was for the first time that an American president visited the cemetery. The following quote is from a speech President Bush gave that day:
“On this peaceful May morning, we commemorate a great victory for liberty and the
thousands of white marble crosses and Stars of David underscore the terrible
the price we pay for that victory.
For the Americans who rest here, Dutch soil
provides a fitting home.
It was from a Dutch port that many of our pilgrim
fathers first sailed for America. It was a Dutch port that gave the American
flag its first gun salute. It was the Dutch who became one of the first foreign
nations to recognize the independence of the new United States of America.
when American soldiers returned to this continent to fight for freedom, they
were led by a President (Roosevelt) who owed his family name to this great
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